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Diagnosis

Causes of infertility in women

Conditions affecting a woman’s fertility can include:

  • damage to the fallopian tubes
  • ovulatory problems
  • endometriosis
  • conditions affecting the uterus
  • a combination of factors
  • no identifiable reason.

Other factors that may play a part include:

  • age – female fertility declines sharply after the age of 35
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  • gynaecological problems such as previous ectopic pregnancy or having had more than one miscarriage
  • medical conditions such as diabetes, epilepsy, and thyroid and bowel diseases
  • lifestyle factors such as stress, being overweight or underweight, and smoking.

Causes of Infertility in men

Conditions that may result in infertility include:

  • low sperm count or quality
  • problems with the tubes carrying sperm
  • problems getting an erection
  • problems ejaculating

Other factors that may play a part in infertility include:

  • having had inflamed testes (orchitis)
  • a past bacterial infection that caused scarring and blocked tubes within the epididymis as it joins the vas
  • having received medical treatment such as drug treatment, radiotherapy or surgery – for example to correct a hernia, undescended testes or twisted testicles
  • genetic problems
  • diabetes
  • lifestyle factors such as being overweight or having a job that involves contact with chemicals or radiation.

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